The Fog of War: Transcript

El conflicte és un procés d’interacció social que es dóna en un context determinat. És una construcció social, una creació humana diferenciada de la violència ja que pot haver-hi conflictes sense violència tot i que no hi ha violència sense conflicte, per la qual cosa no tota disputa o divergència implica conflicte

En McNamara ens ha llegat la seva pròpia explicació del fenomen i del com s’ocupava d’arreglar el món (adequadament).


Any military commander who is honest with himself, or with those he’s speaking to, will admit that he has made mistakes in the application of military power. He’s killed people unnecessarily — his own troops or other troops — through mistakes, through errors of judgment. A hundred, or thousands, or tens of thousands, maybe even a hundred thousand. But, he hasn’t destroyed nations.

And the conventional wisdom is don’t make the same mistake twice, learn from your mistakes. And we all do. Maybe we make the same mistake three times, but hopefully not four or five. They’ll be no learning period with nuclear weapons. You make one mistake and you’re going to destroy nations.

In my life, I’ve been part of wars. 3 years in the U.S. Army during World War II. 7 years as Secretary of Defense during the Vietnam War. 13 years at the World Bank across the world. At my age, 85, I’m at age where I can look back and derive some conclusions about my actions. My rule has been try to learn, try to understand what happened. Develop the lessons and pass them on.


McNamara and the Pentagon

The Fog of War: Eleven Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara



This is the Secretary of Defense of the United States, Robert McNamara. His department absorbs 10% of the national income of this country, and over half of every tax dollar. His job has been called the toughest in Washington, and McNamara is the most controversial figure that has ever held the job. Walter Lippmann calls him not only the best Secretary of Defense, but the first one who ever asserted civilian control over the military. His critics call him “a con—man,” “an IBM machine with legs,” “an arrogant dictator.”
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