Arxiu del diumenge, 18/08/2019


diumenge, 18/08/2019

From Jacques Vallée, Passport to Magonia, 1970

UFO LANDINGS  from 1868 to 1968

The following list has been prepared under several severe constraints: all pertinent information (to the extent that it can be defined in the present state of our ignorance) must be present, and yet one should be able to use it for quick reference. It must not become boring to the reader who simply wants to gain a general view of the diversity of reports. The journalist, the physicist, and the social scientist should find data relevant to their various studies in this common source. And it should also provide a useful link to the general literature of the field whenever possible. This meant certain rules had to be made and strictly followed for the presentation of the reports.

1. It was decided to regard as essential data: the date, local time, exact place of sighting; number and names of witnesses; the altitude and size of the object, and its distance from observers; appearance and behavior of object; the number and reported behavior of the creatures associated with it.

2. Other data were summarized to a varying degree. When the case had enjoyed nationwide or worldwide publicity and was presently available in books and journals, we felt it was enough to give adequate references and a summary. When we had been able to obtain new information, or to find a more solid interpretation of previously doubtful details, this was included.

3. As a majority of the observations come from outside the United States or Britain, all measures of distance have been expressed in the metric system. Weights, when given, were converted to kilograms or tons.

4. We have tried to remove subjective interpretation of the phenomena while preserving indications of the emotions of the witness during the observation. Naturally we cannot claim we were always successful in increasing the objectivity of the report. But at least the reader should be aware of the fact that we have tried to select words from a limited vocabulary in order to provide for all entries a measure of consistency, without reducing the sightings to arbitrarily chosen patterns, types, or categories.

5. Every sighting has a source listed, generally selected as “the most readily available publication which gives more detailed references on the case.” The only exceptions are (Quincy) for reasons explained above and (Personal), the latter being applied only when we have used documents that I am not authorized to quote in detail, or whose exact reference I myself do not know.

6. All reports which met our earlier definitions for Typef sightings were candidates for inclusion here. We have rejected:
(1) all cases for which a conventional explanation has been found to our satisfaction;
(2) all those for which the month or year or place of observation was missing, except for some early cases;
(3) all reports accompanied by photographs offered as material evidence and that have been proven to be fakes. It can be argued that in the latter case, it does not necessarily follow that no valid sighting has been made, or that the incident is not relevant to the UFO rumor in general. Such faked evidence, however, throws considerable doubt on the character and truthfulness of the witness and would carry the discussion into an altogether different province. Furthermore, such reports have received a wide coverage in the press and will be found without difficulty by those who wish to extend the present list. A sample of rejected cases may be published separately at a later date, along with the reason for rejection so that notable omissions can be justified.

July, 1868 Copiago (Chile). A strange “aerial construction” bearing lights and making engine noises flew low over this town. Local people also described it as a giant bird covered with large scales producing a metallic noise. Although not an actual landing, this is the first instance of close observation of an unknown object at low altitude in the nineteenth century. (Fort 638; Anatomy 11)

Dec. 7,1872 Banbury (Great Britain). At King’s Sutton an object resembling a haystack flew on an irregular course. Sometimes high, sometimes very low, it was accompanied by fire and dense smoke. It produced the same effect as a tornado, felling trees and walls. It suddenly vanished. (Fort 189)

1877 Aldershot (Great Britain). A strange being dressed in tight-fitting clothes and shining helmet soared over the heads of two sentries, who fired without result. The apparition stunned them with something described as “blue fire.” (FSR 61, 3; Magonia)

May 15,1879 Persian Gulf. Two very large “wheels” were seen spinning in the air and slowly coming to the surface of the sea. Estimated diameter: 40 m. Distance between the objects: 150 m. Speed: 80 km/h. Duration: 35 min. Witnesses aboard the ship “Vultur.” (Roundup 147; Anatomy 12)

1880 Eastern Venezuela. A 14-year-old boy saw a luminous ball descending from the sky and hovering near him. He felt somehow “drawn” to it, but succeeded in backing away in spite of his terror. (Lor. Ill 206)

Mar. 26,1880 Lamy (New Mexico). Four men walking near Galisteo Junction were surprised as they heard voices coming from a “strange balloon,” which flew, over them. It was shaped like a fish and seemed to be guided by a large fanlike device. There were eight to ten figures
aboard. Their language was not understood. The object flew low over Galisteo Junction and rose rapidly toward the east. (FSR 65, 3)

June 11,1881 Between Melbourne and Sydney at sea (Australia). The two sons of the Prince of Wales, one of them the future king of England, were cruising aboard “La Bacchante” when an object resembling a fully lighted ship was seen (“a phantom vessel all aglow”). (Fort 637; Anatomy 12)

Nov. 2,1885 Scutari (Turkey). A luminous object circled the harbor. Altitude: 5-6 m. Illuminated the whole town. Duration: I-IV2 min, as a bluish-green flame. Then plunged into the sea. Made several circles above the ferryboat pier. (LDLN 48; Anatomy 14)

Nov. 12,1887 Cape Race (Atlantic Ocean). A huge sphere of fire was observed rising out of the ocean by witnesses aboard the “Siberian.” It rose to an altitude of 16 m, flew against the wind, and came close to the ship, then “dashed off” toward the southeast. Duration: 5 min. (LDLN 48; Anatomy 14)

1896 Arolla, near Zermatt (Swiss Alps). Author Aleister Crowley was walking in the mountains when he suddenly saw two little men. He made a gesture to them, but they did not seem to pay attention and disappeared among the rocks. (Magick Without Tears, by A. Crowley)

Mar. 26,1897 Sioux City (Iowa). Approximate date. Robert Hibbard was caught by an anchor dropped from an unknown flying machine 22 km north of the town. He was dragged over 10 m and fell as his clothes were torn. (FSR 66, 4)

Mar. 28,1897 Omaha (Nebraska). The majority of the population observed an object arriving from the southeast. It looked like a huge light, flew northwestward slowly, came to low altitude. A crowd gathered at a street corner to watch it. (185)

Apr. 1,1897 Everest (Kansas). The whole town saw an object flyunder the cloud ceiling. It came down slowly, then flew away very fast to the southeast. When directlyover the town il swepi the ground with its powerful light . I t was seen t o rise up at fantastic speed until barely discernible , then to come down again and swee plow over the witnesses. At one point it remained stationary for 5 min at the edgeof a low cloud, which it illuminated . All could clearly see the silhouette of the craft . (FS R 66 , 4 )

April 12,189 7 Nilwood (Illinois). On th e property o f Z. Thacker, 19 km north of Carlinville , an unknown object landed . Before the three witnesses could reach it , the craft , which was shape d like a cigar wit h a dome, rose slowly an d left majestically toward the north. Witnesses: Edward Teeples, William Street an d Franklin Met – calf. (186 ; Anatomy 12 )

Apr. 12,1897 Girard, near Green Ridge (Illinois). A large crowd of miners saw an unknown object land 3 k m north of Green Ridge and 4 km. south of Girard. The night operator o f the Chicago-and-Alto n Railroad, Paul McCramer , state d that h e cam e sufficiently close to the craft t o se e a man emerge from it to repair themachinery. Traces were found over a large area. The object itself was elongated like a ship wit h a roof and a double canopy . It left toward the north. (186, 187)

Apr . 14,1897 Gas City (Indiana). An object landed 2 km south of Gas Cit y o n th e property o f John Roush , terrifying th e farmers and causing the horses and cattle to stampede . Six occupants of the ship came ou t an d seemed to make some repairs . Before the crowd could approach the object, it rose rapidly and flew toward the east . (188 )

Apr . 14,189 7 Cleveland (Ohio). Joseph Singler , captain o f the “Sea Wing, ” was fishing with S. H. Davis, of Detroit , when they saw on the lake what they thought was a ship , about 1 3 m long , with a canopy . A man, about 25 years old, wearing a hunting jacket an d a cap, was fishing from the deck of the object . Near him were a woman and a 10-year-old child . When the “Sea Wing ” came close to the craft, a large , colored balloon rose from th e object , which flew up with it to an altitude of about 15 0 m and circled “like a hawk ” before flying away. (189 )

See at Passport to Magonia